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Is epilepsy different in men and women?

Yes. Hormones in women have a specific effect on epilepsy. Increased estrogen and decreased progesterone (which commonly happens when a woman has her period) can make seizures more frequent. It is a misconception that women with epilepsy can’t have children–they can–but they do have a higher rate of having children with birth defects, likely due to medication taken during pregnancy to reduce seizures.

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